Notes of the Network of National ITS Associations session at Intertraffic on 20 March 2018
Chairman – Roman Srp, ITS Czech Republic, Chairman of the Network
Vasilis Mizaras, Swarco and ITS Hellas
Alexander Froetscher, Austriatech and ITS Austria
Sascha Westermann, City of Hamburg and ITS Deutschland
The session was very well attended with several hundred people filling the Smart Mobility Theatre 1.
Roman explained the structure and mission of the Network, the organisation of national ITS associations which operates under the auspices of ERTICO.
He expanded on the theme of the session: is our European infrastructure ready for the advent of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs)? It definitely is not, and solid cooperation, including cross border, is needed to achieve readiness.
By “smart” we mean beneficial and intelligent, and this is what we aspire to for our road network and what we need it to be in order for us to benefit fully from CAVs.
Roman provided the first talk of the session, describing the situation in the Czech Republic. The vision is for the transport system to contribute to policy goals by being both permeable and intermodal. A transport system which helps deliver policy goals is the Czech definition of a “smart” system. It does not have to be high tech right from the start; it is to be judged on the outcomes not on the methodology.
Smart transport should be regular transport, and will best be delivered by having open interfaces available to everybody wanting to provide a service. The Czechs are very interested in collaboration and information sharing and Roman invited everybody present to share notes about Smart Roads in other countries.
Alexander followed on with a talk from the Austrian perspective, focusing on their Digital Transport Infrastructure (DTI) roadmap. He stressed that the things he was about to describe are all implemented and in existence – none of them are only at a research stage. But the DTI also fills the function of being a living lab open to everybody with a concept or service they wish to test.
The TEN-T corridors which cross Austria must comply with EU standards and with a policy of open data and interfaces. During the height of the summer, up to 95% of “Austrian” traffic is not actually Austrian but made up of foreign vehicles, either visiting or transiting the country. The main road operator, Asfinag, needs to serve this very mixed fleet and does so by sticking to EU-wide practices rather than operating any bespoke Austrian systems.
The focus is very much on integrated traffic and travel information services, easily accessible by the disparate fleet. These services routinely aggregate data feeds from many different parties and process these into one, easily usable, interface.
Austriatech’s vision of the future is that cooperative driving (C-ITS) will be the norm and more or less all advice, information, notifications and enforcement type services will be delivered directly into vehicles. Austriatech expects that all C-ITS Day One services will be implemented on the main Austrian road network by the early 2020s. The open specifications they are using to achieve this are available on www.c-roads.eu
Vasilis Mizaras built on the earlier mentions of living labs by describing the Thessaloniki ITS Living Lab which is a Greek ambition in the process of being realised. It builds on a Compass4D pilot which has been running there, demonstrating GLOSA use cases and hazard warnings using ITS G5 communications. They are also involved in the C-MOBILE project in the C-ITS area.
The main challenges are perceived as identifying business models, combining the interests of many disparate stakeholders, turning mindsets away from roads management to service provision, and the harmonisation of deployment.
Sascha Westermann provided a Hamburg perspective. He spoke about CAVs in Hamburg as being part of an integrated ITS strategy: Transport 4.0. The vision is of smart, digital, connected transport networks. In Hamburg, this means the City authorities and private partners working together across information services, traffic control, the infrastructure of rail, roads, the port, metro, buses, parking, MaaS and CAVs. By 2021 there will be extensive CAV and MaaS testing in progress ready to be showcased at the ITS World Congress which Hamburg will be hosting. A CAV test route is being planned for the city. By 2030 there should be Level 4/5 autonomous vehicles operating in the city.
Clusters are being formed to facilitate the operation of MaaS. Smart freight is also a live concept, with the Green4Transport project providing smart traffic lights for HGVs moving in the port area. There will also be a 3.6 kilometre long electric AV shuttle service in the port, operational by 2021. This has been named HEAT, Hamburg Electrical Autonomous Transportation.
The Mayor of Hamburg is very committed to clean, safe and efficient transport and supportive of ITS and CAV measures to achieve this.